Thyroid: small organ with a huge importance

We rarely think about its significance, but thanks to its many functions in our body, we can move forward properly. 

Thyroid tissue consists of two types of cells: follicular and parafollicular. Follicular cells are responsible for the synthesis of the main thyroid hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine.  Parafollicular cells produce the hormone called calcitonin which regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body.

Thyroxine and triiodothyronine - the main thyroid gland hormones - play an important role in regulating the body's metabolism.

They are responsible for: 

1) the rate of tissue oxygen saturation and heat production;

2) stimulation of protein metabolism;

3) the quality of carbohydrate absorption in the gut;

4) fat metabolism;

5) vitamin metabolism;

6) bone growth, maturation and differentiation of bones;

7) maturation and normal functioning of the brain;

8) development of sexual glands, production of hormones of the male and female reproductive system;

9) stimulation of intestinal motor function.

Thyroid disorders are characterized by symptoms such as mood swings, fatigue, drowsiness, memory disorders, insomnia, and an unreasonable sense of fear.

Such symptoms are difficult to correlate with diseases of the thyroid gland, and that is why it is important to periodically undergo endocrinological screening.

Disorders of the thyroid is a serious problem, and to solve it, you need to consult a doctor.


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